The Pinkerton Risk Index Report was created through years of collaborative work by scholars and security professionals and is backed by data from 17 sources. Big data analysis allows Pinkerton to evaluate risk in the context of importance, insurability and information reliability to create a relative ranking for each country. The Pinkerton Risk Index Report builds on a concept created by Pinkerton called the Risk Wheel, which breaks down risks that threaten business organizations into four primary categories: Hazard & Event Risk, Operational & Physical Risk, Technology & Informational Risk, and Market & Economic Risk. The Risk Wheel primarily illustrated that organizations need to take a holistic approach to risk management that accounts for risks in all four categories. The four quadrants of risks are connected and if business leaders focus their efforts on only one category, they leave themselves exposed to risks from other categories. The Pinkerton Risk Index Report proves this hypothesis and can be viewed through the lens of any one category in the Risk Wheel, through multiple categories, or through all categories combined as overall risk.